Flotation (DAF)

Flotace DAF – Dissolved Air Flotation is a highly efficient separation process used in the preparation of drinking water.

DAF flotation principle

The process separates the solid phase from the liquid phase. Substances dispersed in water (impurities from surface waters, microorganisms) are precipitated into flakes by the addition of coagulant, which are then carried out by a stream of air microbubbles. A floating layer of sludge foam forms on the surface of the tank, which is removed, e.g. by wiping.

The ascending velocity of the flakes thus formed and entrained in the air is one to two orders of magnitude higher than the sedimentation velocity of these flakes. Thanks to this, it is possible to work with flotation with a higher surface load compared to simple settling.



  • High value of surface load.

  • High separation efficiency even for poorly settled particles.

  • Higher quality of treated water.

  • Reduction of the load of the next separation stage.

  • Fast start of flotation when it is shut down.

  • Efficient and economical operation.


Assumed pollution removal efficiency for wastewater

Flotation significantly reduces especially extractable pollution (fats), and the reductions in the indicators of organic pollution BOD5 and COD are also significant. The achieved pollution reduction efficiencies are shown in the following table.

Achieved reduction efficiency

Pointer physical flotation(no coagulant) chemical-physical flotation (with coagulant)
ES 60 - 75%    80 - 90%
US 60 - 75%   80 - 90%
BOD5 25 - 40%  55 - 65%
CHSK 25 - 40% 55 - 65%

(ES = extractable substances, US = undissolved substances, BSK5 = biological oxygen demand in 5 days, CHOD = chemical oxygen demand)

Why flotation DAF by ENVI-PUR?

  • Compact dimensions
  • Efficient and economical operation
  • High percentage of sludge dry matter
  • Possibility of installation in the existing technological line
  • Lower investment and operating costs for the subsequent technological stage (filtration, biological treatment)

Design of a flotation unit for water treatment

We will tailor-make the solution according to the specific operating conditions - we will provide field tests directly at the place of need and then we will design the size and configuration of the technology, including suitable chemicals.

Important design parameters are the required flow of the equipment, the specification of pollution at the inlet and the required parameters of the treated water at the outlet. Contact us for more information.

Related technologies and products

Lamellar separation




Membrane water treatment




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